Albumen print A photographic printing
process using egg whites in the emulsion.
Alternative Processes This term covers
at least 35 distinct processes, some historic and some not; most
having to do with processing the final print for unconventional
Bromoil A highly involved process than
can generate one print or, in a transfer variation, many copies.
Its chief quality is a delicate painterly/etcherly look. Lithographic
ink is applied with a special brush to a gelatinized paper surface
that selectively resists or attracts the ink.
Cibachrome A process by which a photographic
print is made directly from a color transparency. Noted for rich
color, brilliant clarity and unprecedented archival quality for
color prints. Also called Ilfochrome.
Cyanotype and Vandyke These methods,
and others, made from metals combined with their ferric salts
(platinum, palladium, gold, copper, etc.) can produce infinite
monochrome variations with capacity to convey special moods.
Daguerreotype An early photographic process
(invented in 1839) where the impression made on a light-sensitive
silver-coated metal plate is developed by mercury vapor. Each
is an original since no duplication process exists.
Dye transfer A method of making color
prints or transparencies that gives the maximum control of color,
balance and contrast. One of the most permanent color processes.
Gum Bichromate Often called "gum." An
early process in which exquisite colored prints are made by printing
on paper coated with layer(s) of sensitized and pigmented gum
Gumoil A recently discovered process
which has the look and feel of some of the ancient processes.
In combination with unpigmented gum, etching bleach and oil pigments,
it is possible to build monochrome or polychromatic images.
Orotone An image printed on glass then
backed in gold; also called gold-tone or curt-tone.
It is often found in ornate, molded or gilded frames.
Pinhole An old, but currently popular
way of taking pictures using a simple box without a lense, but
with a tiny hole and a sheet of film pinned inside opposite the
hole. Produces unique perspective and dreamy focus.
Platinum/palladium A print in which the
final image is formed in platinum or palladium. Both of these
processes are extremely permanent and have delicate rich tones
and ranges of greys that are unattainable in silver prints. These
processes are enjoying a revival today with a number of contemporary
photographers coating their own paper.
Photogravure An intaglio printing process
in which the image has been placed on the plate by photographic
means using carbon tissues.
Polaroid Transfer It is possible to float
off the emulsion layer of a conventional Polaroid print and apply
it to a new paper support with interesting effects.
Silver print A generic term referring
to all prints made on paper coated with silver salts. Most contemporary
black and white photographs are silver prints.
Vintage A photograph printed within a
very few years of the date when the negative was made. Prints
made recently from original negatives that are old are called modern