Glossary of Bronze Sculpture Terms

A few words to help you understand
the process of creating bronze sculpture

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Lost wax process - a method of casting metal sculpture requiring a wax version of the original model. The wax form is encased in heat resisistant molding material. baking the mold causes the wax to melt and run out, leaving a cavity in its place. The cavity is filled with molten metal which solidifies to become the sculpture when the mold has been broken open.

Patina - the surface of metal sculpture that results from natural oxidation or careful application of heat, chemicals and polishing agents.

Surmoulage - the fraudulent practice of taking an unauthorized casting from a bronze sculpture rather than from the artist's original.

By Pamela Michaelis, founder of The Collector's Guide and former host of “Gallery News” radio show on KHFM 95.5 remote, classical radio in Albuquerque.

Originally appeared in
The Collector’s Guide to Santa Fe and Taos - Volume 9

Related Pages

Abstract to Zeitgeist: Contemporary Art Terms article
Art Outdoors: Energy in the Air article

How Bronze Sculpture is Made article
Touching Beauty - Michael A Naranjo

Collector’s Resources


The Albuquerque Museum | 505-243-7255
Concetta D Gallery | 505-243-5066
Tomi LaPierre Studio | 575-523-7479
The Adobe Fine Art | 575-257-5795

Santa Fe

Mark White Fine Art | 505-982-2073
Alexandra Stevens Fine Art | 505-988-1311
Indigo Gallery | 505-438-6202
Manitou Galleries | 505-986-0440
McLarry Fine Art | 505-988-1161
Meyer Gallery | 505-983-1434
Nedra Matteucci Galleries | 505-982-4631
Niman Fine Art pic 125 Lincoln Ave - Suite 116 | 505-988-5091
Oviedo Carvings & Bronze | 505-351-2280
Reflection Gallery | 505-995-9795
Tom Ross Gallery | 505-984-8434
Sage Creek Gallery | 505-988-3444
Shidoni Galleries / Sculpture Garden / Foundry | 505-988-8001
Wadle Galleries Ltd pic 128 West Palace Ave | 505-983-9219
Zaplin Lampert Gallery | 505.982.6100


Total Arts Gallery | 575-758-4667


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